Adoniyah – Name Meaning

Adoniyah is a Hebrew name that means “my Lord is Yahweh”. It is derived from the Hebrew words adon, meaning “lord” and Yahweh, which is the name of God in the Bible. The name Adoniyah has been used as both a given name and a surname throughout history.

The first recorded use of the name Adoniyah was in the Old Testament of the Bible. In 1 Kings 1:5, Adonijah was the fourth son of King David and Bathsheba. He attempted to take the throne from his half-brother Solomon but failed. His story serves as an example of how ambition can lead to destruction.

Adonijah was also mentioned in other parts of the Bible, including 2 Chronicles 3:1 and 1 Chronicles 3:2. In these passages, he is described as a brave warrior who fought alongside his father against their enemies.


The name Adonijah carries with it several symbolic meanings. First, it symbolizes loyalty and faithfulness to God. This is because it contains the name Yahweh, which is a reminder of God’s presence in our lives. Second, it symbolizes strength and courage. This is because Adonijah was a brave warrior who fought for what he believed in.

Finally, it symbolizes ambition and determination. Despite his failure to take the throne from his brother Solomon, Adonijah never gave up on his dream. He kept striving until he achieved success.


Adonijah has been used as a given name since at least the 16th century. It has remained relatively popular over time, although its usage has declined somewhat in recent years. In 2020, it ranked #4,845 on the Social Security Administration’s list of most popular baby names in the United States.

Adonijah is also used as a surname in some countries around the world. It is particularly common among Jewish families who trace their ancestry back to biblical times.

Famous People Named Adonijah

There are several famous people who have borne the name Adonijah throughout history. These include:

  • Adonijah Simeon Welch (1820-1902), an American politician who served as Governor of Florida from 1868 to 1870.
  • Adonijah Ogilvie (1890-1962), an Australian soldier who served during World War I.
  • Adonijah Bailey (1917-2006), an American jazz musician who played saxophone and clarinet.
  • Adonijah Reid (born 2001), a Canadian soccer player who currently plays for Toronto FC II.
  • Adonijah Williams (born 2002), an American actor best known for his roles on television shows such as “Glee” and “The Fosters”.

By Ava Isabella Hartley

Ava Isabella Hartley is a renowned expert in the field of onomastics, the study of names and their meanings, with a particular focus on baby names. She holds a Master's degree in Linguistics from the University of Cambridge and has over 15 years of experience in the study of etymology, name trends, and cultural naming practices.

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